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A calendar is a common complication for watches and clocks.


There are various methods for displaying the calendar:

  • Windows or apertures can reveal date, day, month, or year on a disc
  • Pointers on a dial can indicate date, day, month, or year

Though many watches place the date aperture at 3:00, such windows or pointer sub-dials can be found anywhere on the watch face.

Some watches feature a so-called big date complication, allowing the display of single digits on multiple wheels for a more readable display of the date.

Day and Date

Seel also date indication

The most common implementation is a simple calendar with a date and (optionally) day wheel. These simple mechanisms advance the day and date wheel once a day at midnight. Such simple calendars advance 31 times before returning to "1", requiring manual advancement at the end of most months.

Annual Calendar

See also annual calendar

A watch that adds the name of the month is a so-called full calendar or annual calendar complication. Nearly all such watches automatically adjust to the varying length of each month, giving 29 days to February. Thus they only require manual adjustment once per year, except on leap years.

Perpetual Calendar

See also perpetual calendar

The perpetual calendar watch keeps track of leap years as well. Some also account for the skipping of leap years in future centuries.