Zodiac is a historic Swiss watch brand, currently owned by Fossil Group.
Watchmaker Ariste Calame began making watches in 1882, coining the Zodiac brand in 1908. The Zodiac Autographic of 1932 featured the first power reserve indicator. Zodiac created their own 8-day movement in 1937 and launched an automatic watch with one of the earliest power reserve indicators in 1949.
Although there are claims of a "quartz" Zodiac watch as early as 1932, it was the 1968 launch of the Zodiac Dynotron that really mattered. This was one of the first Swiss electronic watches, and Zodiac also participated in the launch of the Beta 21 quartz movement]] in 1970. By the 1970s, Zodiac was known as a maker of upscale and luxury watches.
The watch logo with the cross-circle symbol was used by a serial killer who became famous in Northern California in the 1960s/1970s and who was therefore called Zodiac Killer. The Zodiac Sea Wolf model is shown in the film Zodiac, directed by David Fincher, where one of the suspects wears this watch.
Zodiac, Zenith, Dixi
The Zodiac brand faltered through the quartz crisis and was purchased by Paul Buhré (part of Dixi, owner of Zenith), in 1979. Zodiac watches continued, now sold by Montres Zodiac SA (also called Zodiac Precision Watches) of Le Locle. These were produced by Zenith, with quartz models using movements from ETA. The brand was not successful and disappeared after 1985.
Zodiac and Fossil
Fossil Group stepped in to purchase this company in October, 2001. The next month, Fossil also purchased Montres Antima SA, Meliga Habillement Horloger SA, and Synergies Horlogeres SA to establish a Swiss watchmaking operation.