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The 79091 is a grande complication movement produced by IWC based on the Valjoux 7750 ebauche since 1990.
The Valjoux 7750 movement was extremely important to the resurgence of IWC and the basic design remains in use today. The company has used it for many important innovations since the 1980's, including a perpetual calendar, rattrapante, and grande complication. The 7750 ebauche was used for the 790 family of movements and the basic architecture is the basis for today's 69000 family of movements.
In 1985, IWC surprised the world with the introduction of an innovative perpetual calendar movement, Cal. 7906. Designed by the legendary Kurt Klaus, this movement was much simpler to operate than previous perpetual calendars and was reliable and relatively affordable as well. The next major advancement for IWC was this Cal. 79091, a grande complication movement combining Klaus' perpetual calendar with a minute repeater. Introduced at the Basel Fair in 1990, the Grande Complication, Ref. 3770 was produced through 2010. This movement has lived on, continuing in production in the Ref. 9270 and Portugieser Grande Complication, Ref. 3774 and then Ref. 3776, which remains in production. This is the last movement using Klaus' original perpetual calendar mechanism to remain in production as of 2019.
Cal. 79091 began with a Valjoux 7750 ebauche before being disassembled and modified by IWC. The movement was refinished and plated with gold, then assembled and regulated by the company. The Klaus perpetual calendar and minute repeater mechanisms are added to the existing automatic chronograph. Unlike earlier complicated movements which beat slower, this Cal. 79091 runs at 28,800 A/h.
In 1992, IWC introduced “Il Destriero Scafusia”, another grande complication, which added a tourbillon and rattrapante function in Cal. 18680.
- Grande Complication, Ref. 3770 (1991-2010)
- Grande Complication, Ref. 9270 (1993-2010)
- Portugieser Grande Complication, Ref. 3774 (2010-2014)
- Portugieser Grande Complication, Ref. 3776 (2015-present)
- Automatic chronograph minute repeater perpetual calendar movement based on Valjoux 7750
- Bi-directional winding
- Hours, minutes, chronograph seconds central
- Date by pointer at 3 00
- Month by pointer and chronograph hours at 6 00
- Year window at 7 30
- Day by pointer and small seconds at 9 00
- Chronograph minutes and moon phase indicator at 12 00
- Minute repeater slide on left side
- Ø 30 mm
- 75 jewels
- 28,800 A/h
- Power reserve 44 hours