Jean-Antoine Lépine (1720-1814)
was a French watchmaker.
The French watchmaker Jean-Antoine Lépine was was born 1720 in Challex on 18 November. He was watchmaker for Louis XV., Louis XVI. and Napoleon I. Through his major inventions he contributed significantly to the improvement of the pocket watch
, he developed the decimal inhibition.
, he invented the Lépine calibre named after him. Until then, watch movements had been equipped with full plates, but Lépine revolutionized the pocket watch
movement with a completely new design the bridge
design. From this developed the open pocket watch
with always visible dial; on the contrary, see Savonnette
). Today the principle of the bridge
concept is found throughout all mechanical watches.
He improved the structure of the barrel
and replaced the old design with chain and screw, whereby watches could be built much flatter.
Around 1770, he opened a workshop in the watchmaker colony Ferney founded by Voltaire. He later also headed this “watch factory” (till 1783). Jean-Antoine Lépine died 1814 in Paris.