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Autotractor is a term for a family of modern, rugged watch movements from Jaeger-LeCoultre. Due to the numbering of the calibres in this family, it is also often referred to as the “970” family or by the calibre number of the most widely-used variant, Calibre 975.
As Jaeger-LeCoultre was recovering from the quartz crisis and a series of ownership changes, the company decided to begin investing in movement technology. The high-profile Hybris Mechanica series brought renewed respect and interest in the company, but it was mainstream watch movement technology that would keep the company in business. Beginning in 1996, the company tasked a team, led by R&D Director Jean-Claude Meylan, to produce a new basic automatic movement with the following characteristics Reliable, durable, accurate, easy to maintain, service and regulate and relatively maintenance free. Eight years later, in 2004, the Autotractor was launched.
Jaeger-LeCoultre Master Compressor GMT
Introduced in 2004, the “Autotractor” family was designed to bring modern developments to market in a new family of high-end watch movements. Among the main advancements found throughout this family of movements are the following
- Ceramic bearings, zirconium-oxide coated in steel, reduce maintenance requirements
- Unidirectional (counter-clockwise) winding produces more power in real-world use than bi-directional systems
- A screwed cross-over bridge rather than a balance cock for durability and shock resistance
- “Maltese cross” date changing gear allows instantaneous and bi-directional movement of the date wheel
- An in-house mainspring manufactured by A. Lange & Söhne
Note that two Autotractor movements, Calibre 976 and Calibre 986, are hand-winding rather than automatic but retain most other features of the family and are generally considered Autotractor movements.
Autotractor Family Calibres
The first Autotractor movement was Calibre 975, and it has spawned a family of movements that share a similar design
Many of the innovations found in the Autotractor family itself have spread to other contemporary movements from Jaeger-LeCoultre. These are often referred to as being “Autotractorized” and this has led to some confusion regarding their relationship to Cal. 975 and the rest.
The following Calibres feature some elements of the Autotractor design, although they are not part of this family of movements